Chiropractors are known to treat sciatica, which is pain that emanates from the lower part of the back and eventually land on a single or two legs. The pain affects the nerves. The sciatic pain is dissimilar in different patients. Its frequency and intensity varies. This pain is excruciating and resembles the pain from a toothache. Other say it is as intense as an electric shock. A feeling of numbness, burning and tingling is also a symptom of sciatica. Sciatica itself is a symptom of another disorder, it is not a disorder.
Sciatica is brought about by compression of sciatic nerves. Sciatic pain is as a result of herniated discs, pregnancy and child birth, spine misalignments and tumor. This compression of the nerves is also known to be caused by disorders not related to the spine like; constipation, diabetes and sitting on a wallet.
Sciatica is caused by piriformis syndrome. Piriformis is a muscle. This muscle can be found in the the lower region of spine. It is connected to the thigh bone and is responsible for hip motion and movement. Sciatic nerve happens to be just below this muscle. Piriformis muscle is vulnerable to injuries from falls, arthritis of the hip and limbs that are not equal in length. These phenomena can result in spasms and cramps in this muscle, piriformis. Consequently the sciatic nerve is affected in the form of pain and inflamation. Compression of the sciatic nerve has severe effects that include paralysis, monoplegia, sensory loss, and loss of sleep (insomnia).
Sciatica is not easy to diagnose. Proper diagnosis is paramount. There are so many causes of sciatica as seen above. It is therefore an essential part of the diagnosis to determine the cause of the sciatica in the patient. The diagnosis entails a keen review of the patient’s habits, daily routine and medical history . A physical and neurological examination is also done. The tests involved include but are not limited to x-rays, MRI and CT scans. These tests facilitate the detection of possible causes of sciatica.
How chiropractic treatment works for sciatica patients
Chiropractic originated from the belief that the body has the potential of healing itself. When spinal movements are restricted they result in pain and reduced performance of organs in the body. The chiropractic technique used is highly dependent on the cause of the patient’s sciatica. The treatment will more often than not involve use of several techniques simultaneously. The techniques used to treat sciatica include; ice and heat therapy, spinal manipulation, ultrasound technique, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and graston technique.
It is not common for sciatica to not respond to chiropractic treatment. However, if the sciatica is caused by a disorder not related to the neuromuscular system it may not be treated by a chiropractor. In such cases the doctor of chiropractic refers the patient to a doctor in another field.